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The Fourth Statistical Account of East Lothian

Appendices

Appendix 1: East Lothian Collieries during Nationalisation - i.e. from 1947

It should be noted that a slight confusion arises when looking at the records for this period. The East Lothian pits were organised by the National Coal Board into two groups with offices at Wallyford and Ormiston. However, the Wallyford group took in Carberry Colliery, which lay just outside the county boundary and into Midlothian. The Ormiston group included the mines of Castle, Oxenford No 3 and Cowdenfoot, which were also in Midlothian.

Colliery Sinking Production Start Production Cease Abandoned Employed - underground Employed - Surface Notes
Bellyford Apr 1949 Jan 1954 Nov 1961 Dec 1962 180 155 Latterly used as an airway mine
Bankton Pre-vesting Production -- Pumping ceased pre Pit only vesting 3 34 Pumping ceased May 1962
Fleets   1866 Mar 1959 Jan 1961 710 144 Latterly a pumping station. 2 shafts 240', 502'
Glencairn 1936 1948 Jan 1962 Dec 1962 50 15 Transferred to NCB in 1948. 2 mines
Limeylands   1895 Jan 1954   231 66 2 shafts 150'
Meadowmill Feb 1952 June 1953 June 1960 Dec 1962 107 13  
Prestongrange   1830 Dec 1962 Aug 1963 570 130 3 shafts 546'; 738'; 378'
Prestonlinks   1899 Feb 1964 Mar 1964 660 160 2 shafts; 396'; 378'
Tynemount & Oxenford No 3   1924 Jan 1952 Dec 1962 244 74 Latterly a pumping station. 1 shaft; 300'; 1 mine
Winton May 1949 Mar 1950 Apr 1962 Dec 1962 70 15 2 surface mines

The following small mines operated under Licence from the NCB.

Colliery Licensee Opened Closed Notes
Chancellorsville Gunn/Beattie July 1971 May 1979  
Glencairn Glencairn Coal Co. 1936 March 1948 Licence terminated; taken over by NCB
Penkaet Alex Gordon Pre-vesting August 1965  
Policies D Beattie August 1983 July 1987 Mine located in Buccleuch Estate, Dalkeith.

Appendix 2: East Lothian Collieries in 1914

Extracted from 'List of Mines Under the Coal Mines Act, in the Scotland Division, during the year 1914.The initial letters attached to the word 'Coal' in the column ' Minerals Worked' indicates the kind of Coal produced, viz C - Coking; G - Gas; H - Household; M - Manufacturing; S - Steam.

Owner & Postal Address Name of Mine Situation Persons Employed - Underground Persons Employed - Surface Minerals Worked Remarks (Seams worked etc.)
Bankpark Coal Co. Tranent Bankpark Tranent 106 17 Coal H&S Tranent, 4', lower 4', Jewel, 3'. Splint Seam abandoned 31 Oct 1913
Edinburgh Collieries Co. Ltd. Wallyford, Musselburgh Bankton Tranent 294 60 Coal H, M, & S Splint, 3', 4', Jewel
Ditto Elphinstone Tranent 260 70 Coal H, M & S 3', 4', 5', Splint. Howden Pit discontinued
Ditto Bellyford Tranent 38 24   4', 5'
Ditto Preston Links Tranent 532 153 Coal H, M & S Great Seam, 4', 5', Jewel
Ormiston Coal Co. Ltd. Ormiston Limeylands Ormiston 161 54 Coal H, M & S 5', 4'
Ditto Meadow Ormiston 35 10 Coal H, M & S Splint, 4'. Parrot abandoned 16 Sept 1914
Summerlee Iron Co. Ltd. Coatbridge Prestongrange Prestonpans 756 161 Coal H, M & S & Fireclay Beggar, jewel, Clay, 5', No 1 Diamond, 3'
Udston Colliery Co. Ltd. 75 Bothwell Street, Glasg Penston Nos 1 & 2 Pits Macmerry 88 21 Coal H, M & S Upper Diamond. J. Gavin
Ditto St Germains Macmerry 224 85 Coal H, M & S 4', Upper Diamond
White & Co. Ormiston Tyneside Ormiston 45 9 Coal H, M & S Upper Diamond, Lower Diamond
Woodhall Coal Co. Ltd Pencaitland Pencaitland 190 39 Coal H, M & S Diamond, Jewel, Gas. Great Seam abandoned 23 Nov 1911

Appendix 3: East Lothian Collieries in 1874

In 1872 the owners of mines were required by law to keep records of their operations and submit these to the HM Inspectorate of Mines. The following data is extracted from the 1874 HMI Annual List of Mines.

Owner Name of Colliery Parish Name of Pit or Mine Persons Employed Underground Persons Employed on Surface Notes
Deans & Moore Penston Gladsmuir   102 12 2 shafts 162'; 84'
Ditto Elphinstone Tower Tranent   115 9 1 shaft 120' 1 mine
Ditto Pencaitland Pencaitland Valley 91 17 2 shafts 130'
Durie & Nisbet Elphinstone Tranent Fleets Catherine 67 62 21 10 2 shafts 216' 2 shafts 144'; 37'
Grieve J & C Prestonlinks Prestonpans Prestonlinks 15 23 9 Great Seam. 2 shafts 400' Fireclay 240'
Prestongrange Iron & Coal Co. Ltd. Prestongrange Prestonpans No. 2 Dolphingston Birslie 79 15 25 9 3 4 2 shafts 432'; 360'
Snowdowe & Co. Tranent Tranent Ormiston Road Carlaverock 44 59 13 16 2 shafts 105'; 78'
White, Elizabeth Ormiston Hall Ormiston No. 2 35 4 2 shafts 123'; 81'
Whitelaw, John Fountainhall Pencaitland Nos. 3 & 4 27 4 2 shafts 58'; 68'

The list also showed that Deans & Moore worked ironstone at Penston Mine, Gladsmuir. The two shafts' depths are given as 30' and 18' and that implies a separate shallow operation.

It is also of interest to note that the report shows the Coltness Iron Co. as having a haematite (iron ore) mine at Garleton near Haddington at that time.

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